Unit P.2 (Round 4)
Energy, Forces, and Earth's Crust

How do forces in Earth’s interior determine what will happen to the surface we see?

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Unit Resources and Lesson Documents

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Unit Resources 

Unit Overview Materials (Unit Overview, NGSS Elements, Teacher Edition, Student Edition)

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How does matter stretch and when and why does it break?

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What is the connection between matter in the mantle, and surface features on Earth?

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Where does the energy driving convection come from?

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What is happening at plate boundaries?

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How is a solid changing at a particle level when it elastically deforms vs. when it breaks?

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How is temperature related to the behavior of the matter in the mantle?

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How much, if any, of the rocks at AFAR, is radioactive?

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How might forces between the mantle and plates affect plate motion?

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What is happening in the Afar region?

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How can we figure out what is below the Earth’s surface that might cause the land to stretch and break?

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How is mantle movement related to changes we see at the surface at Afar?

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How does the rock in Afar compare to the rock around the world,  and what does this tell us about the history and future of the region?

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How do forces act on objects, such as the plates, when they are on inclines?